Pomegranate is one of the most ancient fruits, known for its extraordinary healing properties. It appears on Hebrew coins and mosaic decorations found in archaeological excavations in Israel.
A pomegranate is said to have 613 seeds, which is the number of mitzvot (commandments or good deeds) in the Torah. Pomegranate is eaten on Rosh Hashanah to represent the intention to perform all the mitzvot of the Torah and receive blessings during the coming year.
Information provided by Hagit.